|Why Can't I Just give my own Vaccines?
Why do Puppies and Kittens need so many
their mothers. The amount of immunity or protection
that each puppy or kitten receives depends on many
factors; how well mom was vaccinated, how long ago was
the last vaccinations, how much colostrum or "first milk"
did the puppy/kitten receive, etc. The immunity that
mom gives the puppies decreases with age. Some
puppies and kittens are only protected by mom until 8-
10 weeks of age, others have an immunity that lasts until
they are 12-14 weeks of age. This immunity from mom
interferes with or prevents the vaccinations from
protecting the puppy or kitten. Since we don't know for
each individual puppy how long the immunity they got
from mom will last, we must give the vaccinations in a
series while they are young. We start the vaccinations
at 6-8 weeks of age, and repeat the vaccination every 3-
4 weeks while the puppy or kitten is growing, until the
puppy is 16 weeks of age, or the kitten is 14 weeks of
age. This ensures that the puppy or kitten is protected
by either the immunity they got from mom or the
vaccination, while it is growing. The last vaccination in
the series lasts for 1 year.
What is DHLPP for Dogs
Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza, Parvo
vaccine depending on how many viruses it covers.
Canine Distemper is highly contagious viral infection that
is extremely fatal especially to young puppies under 6mn
of age. Approximately 80% of infected puppies die from
the infection. The virus is spread through the air and
respiratory system of infected dogs, as well as in urine
and feces. Initially a dog develops a fever, loss of
appetite and mild inflammation. As the disease
progresses, dogs develop eye and nose discharge,
diarrhea and pneumonia. Eventually neurological
problems develop causing a disoriented walk, muscle
tremors, paralysis, and seizures. Dogs that survive
often have long term side affects including permanent
nerve damage, loss of damaged sight and/or smell, and
thickened, hardened overgrown pads.
Hepatitis is a contagious bacterial infection of the liver.
The disease can be spread by contaminated objects,
fleas ticks or mosquitoes. As the liver is damaged by the
disease, the dog develops vomiting, loss of appetite and
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease spread by rodents
and is also found around standing water. It causes
kidney damage or failure. This disease is CONTAGIOUS
TO HUMANS, humans can catch the disease from the
urine of an infected dog. This bacteria is spreading and
becoming more prevalent. This disease is fatal in 15-
20% of infected dogs.
Parainfluenza is a virus that is often found as one of
many viruses and bacteria that affect the respiratory
system, often in a disease known as Kennel Cough.
This virus spreads through the cough and nasal
secretions of infected dogs. Vaccination for
Parainfluenza alone will not prevent Kennel Cough, but
is often effective if it is combined with a Bordatella
Parvovirus is a very hearty virus, it is spread in the feces
from an infected dog. Once on the ground the virus can
live up to SIX YEARS. Even though the feces has been
washed away, the virus is still their. All another dog has
to do is walk across the area. The virus will cling to the
dogs feet, and when the dog licks its paws, invide the
dogs stomach and intestines causing projectile vomiting,
severe bloody diarrhea as it eats away at the intestinal
lining. The virus can also travel on the shoes, clothing
and hands of people who have petted infected dogs.
This virus is the primary reason that puppies should be
kept indoors and away from visitors and any public
areas until they have completed their entire puppy
vaccination series. If you have had a dog in your home
with parvo, any unvaccinated puppies or dogs that you
bring home in the future can become infected from the
virus in your yard! This virus is fatal and treatment often
What is Bordetella for Dogs?
Cough causes a dry non productive cough in dogs. It is
highly contagious and spreads through the air. Most
dog pounds are overrun with the bacteria. Dogs that go
to boarding kennels, dog parks, dog shows, doggy day
care, or grooming facilities need this vaccination.
Because this infection spreads so easily, even dogs that
are at home in their yard can catch the bacteria if an
infected dog runs up to the fence.
because it protects against 3 different viruses. Most of
you have seen cats with runny noses, white or green
discharge from the eyes and sneezing. This is a
common sight in kittens and many adult stray cats.
There can be several causes but the most common is an
upper respiratory virus that attacks cats, Feline Viral
Rhinotracheitis (FVR), a herpesvirus. This virus can
change every few years, similar to the human cold virus.
Some strains are stronger or more serious then others.
This virus can travel through the air or be spread on
The "C" in FVRCP is for Chlamydia, a bacterial infection
that causes swelling, and redness of eyes. This
bacterial infection is often seen infecting cats along with
the feline rehinotracheitis virus.
technical name for feline distemper. This disease is
causes by a virus similar to the one that causes Parvo in
dogs and results in similar signs of vomiting and
diarrhea. This disease is highly contagious and often
fatal. The virus is widespread and almost all cats are
exposed to it within their first year of life. The virus is
spread in urine and feces of infected animals and
remains in the environment to infect the next cat that
smells the urine or feces. Those that are not protected
by vaccination become extremely sick.
What is FeLV for Cats?
currently no treatment for. It can be spread between
cats by fighting, mating, or prolonged daily contact.
Feline Leukemia is endemic in the stray cat population in
many areas. Learn more about FeLV here
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